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Polygamy in India
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Legal status of
Recognized under civil law
Recognized in some regions
Nigeria (BA, BO, GO, JI, KD, KA, KT, KE, NI, SO, YO, ZA)
Foreign marriages recognized
Australia (welfare only)
United Kingdom (welfare only)
Recognized under customary law
Status in other jurisdictions
Nigeria (IM, KW, LA, NA, OY, PL)
Polygamy by country
Marriage practice by country
1Illegal in all forms; Muslims exempt
2Regions governed by Sharia
*In certain countries and regions, only Muslims may legally contract a polygamous marriage
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Polygamy is illegal in India for Hindus and other religious groups under the Hindu marriage Act. It remains legal for Muslims under the terms of The Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act of 1937, as interpreted by the All India Muslim Personal Law Board" According to the 1961 census (the last census to record such data), polygamy was actually less prevalent among Indian Muslims (5.7%) than among several other religious groups. Incidence was highest among Adivasis (15.25%) and Buddhists (7.9%); Hindus, by comparison, had an incidence of 5.8%. Although there are movements to end polygamy, many seek to preserve the practice.
 Conversion to Islam for polygamy
There have been many incidents of non-Muslim men converting to Islam solely with the purpose of practicing polygamy legally. For example, actor Dharmendra has been reported to have converted to Islam so that he could legally marry actress Hema Malini as his second wife. In December 2008, a controversy arose when the then Deputy Chief Minister of Haryana, Chander Mohan, and Anuradha Bali, the former Assistant Advocate General of Haryana, converted to Islam adopting the names Chand Mohammad and Fiza, so that Mohan could marry Bali as his second wife.However he converted back to Hinduism after a while. Such incidents have raised concerns over the use of Islam for polygamy.
 See also
Polyandry in India
^ A, Divya (13 September 2009). "Bigamy: An issue of one too many". The Times of India. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
^ "Communal Politics: Facts Versus Myths". Ram Puniyani. p.148. ISBN 0761996672.
^ "Mullahs on the Mainframe: Islam and Modernity Among the Daudi Bohras". Jonah Blank. p.78. ISBN 0226056767.
^ "End polygamy, Muslim woman pleads with SC -India-The Times of India". The Times Of India. 2001-05--12. Retrieved 2009-03-09.
^ Sebastian, Don (2008-11-12). "DNA: India: Kerala Muslim cleric vows to preserve polygamy". Retrieved 2009-03-09.
^ PTI (2004-04-19). "Case against Dharmendra". The Hindu (Chennai, India). Retrieved 2009-05-26.
^ Mishra, Manjari (2009-03-15). "Chand-Fiza talaq: Ulema now talk of screening". The Times Of India. Retrieved 2009-05-28.
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Polygamous marriages performed
Australia (2008) · United Kingdom (2008)
Other countries and
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