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The rarity of the testicular mesothelioma makes it extremely difficult to diagnose. The primary malignant neoplasm of the testis serous membranes, its epididymis and the spermatic cord is very difficult for intravital diagnosis, not only in earlier, but in the later stages of the disease.
Clinical picture is made up of symptoms caused by the presence of the primary paratesticular tumor and its metastases, or a combination thereof. Mesothelioma originating from the serous membranes of the testis, epididymis or its spermatic cord, accompanied by increased and in most cases combined with a hydrocele. Initially the testicular tumor is asymptomatic.The speed of its development is uncertain. However, most often asymptomatic tumor growthlasts no more than 1-2 months. The most frequent symptoms of primary paratesticular tumor are pain, increasing in size or swelling of the body with the appearance of palpable tumor in their formation.
Serous membranes in general, and the testicularmembranes, in particular, are difficult to built connective tissue membranes, which have a rich network of blood and lymph vessels, and their surface is covered by one layer of mesothelial cells - mesotheliocytes located on the basement membrane.
The exact cause of the testicular mesothelioma is not installed, but the known risk factors
that may contribute to its development. Factors of the testicular tumors are as
Considered a type of cancer in this chapter is most common with a high socio-economic status, mainly in the elderly, but is in young and even in the children, and the incidence has two peaks: the first in 20-30 years, the secondafter 50 years. Testicular tumors are about 1% of the total number of tumors in men. They occur with a frequency of 20-25 per 1 million men, most aged 20-35 years
The testicular mesothelioma is one of the rare tumor from other types of mesotheliomas (less than 1%). In light of this are clear of the difficulties encountered by some clinicians, radiologists, pathologists and cytologists in differentialdiagnosis. In addition, they are so rare that there is no more the researcher, which would focus in his hands a sufficient number of his own observations to make serious conclusions.
Diagnosing mesothelioma in its earliest stages supports a wider range of treatment possibilities. This is because early stage patients are typically far healthier than those with advanced disease. In later stages, treatment options are limited because the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes and one or more vital organs.
Thoracoscopic biopsy has displayed remarkably accurate results for the diagnosis of mesothelioma. Also known as open pleural biopsy, this procedure allows doctors to see into the pleural space and retrieve multiple tissue samples. Most treatment centers offer video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS), which uses a camera and various small tools to collect samples.
Providing your doctor with a comprehensive work history can help promote an early mesothelioma diagnosis. Because mesothelioma is a rare cancer with nonspecific symptoms, doctors are unlikely to suspect the disease unless a patient describes a former job where asbestos exposures may have occurred.
Cause Pericardial Mesothelioma
The causal relationship between asbestos exposure and pericardial mesothelioma is not fully understood. Researchers confirm that pleural and peritoneal mesotheliomas are primarily caused by exposure to asbestos, yet the etiology of pericardial mesothelioma is less definitive.
Pericardial mesothelioma is a cancer that develops in a thin membrane surrounding the heart, known as the pericardium. The membrane has two layers: an outer layer called the parietal layer, heart sac or theca cordis, and an inner layer known as the visceral layer or epicardium
There are several treatment options for peritoneal mesothelioma patients. Surgery that attempts to remove the entire cancerous tumor produces better results than any other traditional treatment option, but this approach is only feasible during an early stage of peritoneal mesothelioma
Peritoneal mesothelioma is not an easy cancer to diagnose. It often takes several months from the initial presentation of symptoms to confirm a diagnosis. This delay, combined with the speedy progression of mesothelioma tumors, usually results in a late-stage diagnosis for most patients.
A patient with peritoneal mesothelioma may not demonstrate symptoms for 20 to 50 years following asbestos exposure.
Once asbestos fibers have irritated and caused mesothelial cells to become inflamed, the peritoneum starts to thicken.
Mesothelioma treatment centers provide care and services needed specifically by people diagnosed with this disease. They have specialists - surgeons, oncologists, radiologists and other doctors - who know the intricacies of this complex cancer.
The peritoneum is a membranous layer that is made up of two sub-layers called the parietal and visceral layers. The parietal layer covers the abdominal cavity, while the visceral layer surrounds abdominal organs
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