From the page: "The Devil's Humps (also known as the Kings' Graves) are four Bronze Age barrows situated on Bow Hill on the South Downs near Stoughton, West Sussex. They are situated on a downland ridgeway crossed by an ancient trackway, above Kingley Vale. The Devil's Humps are counted among the most impressive round barrows surviving on the South Downs. The Devil's Humps are within the Kingley Vale National Nature Reserve. The two bell barrows together with two pond barrows and a cross dyke are listed as Scheduled Ancient Monument 1008371, while the two bowl barrows are listed as Scheduled Ancient Monument 1008372.
1 The barrows
3 Other archaeological remains
5 See also
 The barrows
The four mounds form a small cemetery group running in a line southwest to northeast. The two southwestern mounds are located close together; they are bell barrows with a banked depression separating them. The two northeastern mounds are bowl barrows.
The four barrows forming the Devil's Humps are all aligned and stand 3 to 4 metres (9.8 to 13 ft) high in spite of damage caused by early explorations. No records survive from these early excavations, so the precise date for the construction of the barrows is unknown. However, they are believed to date from the Late Neolithic or the Early Bronze Age. It is possible that they were reused in the Roman and Anglo-Saxon periods.
The barrows are designated from A through to D, in order from the southwest to the northeast.
Barrow A from the northeast, with visible berm and ditch. The outline of a possible pond barrow is vaguely discernable in the foreground.
Barrow A is a bell barrow. It measures 22 metres (72 ft) across, and is bordered by a 3.7-metre (12 ft) wide berm enclosed by a 3.7-metre (12 ft) wide ditch. The ditch is 0.46 metres (1.5 ft) deep, and the barrow stands 3.7 metres (12 ft) high.
Barrow B is also a bell barrow. It is 24 metres (78 ft) across, and encircled by a 4.6-metre (15 ft) wide berm. The mound stands 3.7 metres (12 ft) high. A ditch runs around the berm; it is 3.7 metres (12 ft) wide and 0.46 metres (1.5 ft) deep.
Barrow C is a ditched bowl barrow standing 3.0 metres (10 ft) high. It measures 28 by 26 metres (92 by 85 ft) (NS/EW), with the ditch having been filled in on the northwest side by the construction of a boundary bank. The centre of the barrow has been excavated.
Barrow D is another ditched bowl barrow. It also stands 3.0 metres (10 ft) high and measures 24 metres (79 ft) across, with damage to the centre from previous excavation. It is partially covered by bramble and scrub.
Two further possible barrows have been identified, one between Barrows A and B, and one to the northeast of Barrow B. They are small depressions measuring approximately 8 metres (26 ft) across and 0.8 metres (31 in) deep. They resemble pond barrows, but are considered to be small in size.
The two bowl barrows, C and D, were inspected in 1853, and Barrow C was opened. Upon opening it was evident that it had been disturbed previously, although a number of artefacts were recovered. These included burnt bones situated on top of an area of burnt soil, a whetstone, the tooth of a horse, antlers and a few fragments of Iron Age pottery. The artefacts from Barrow C are now in the collection of the British Museum. Barrow B was excavated in 1933. Surface finds from Barrow B included a Bronze Age flint scraper and fragments of Bronze Age or Iron Age pottery. The finds are now held by Lewes Museum.
 Other archaeological remains
There are a number of other ancient remains around Bow Hill and in neighbouring Kingley Vale, including a number of cross dykes and other earthworks, settlement sites in the Vale itself, two Iron Age hill forts, one of which is Goosehill Camp, and several long barrows on Stoughton Down to the north.
The Devil's Humps are linked to a body of folklore encompassing Kingley Vale on the southern approach to Bow Hill. This folklore records how the men of Chichester defeated a Viking war party in the Vale, and the Viking leaders were buried in the Devil's Humps, giving them their alternative name of the Kings' Graves, while many of the Viking dead lie where they fell, under the yew trees on the slopes of the hill. Their ghosts are said to haunt the yew groves, and the trees themselves are said to come alive and move at night. This folklore may have had its origin in a battle between the men of Chichester and the marauding Danes that is recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle as having taken place in AD 894:
When the host that had besieged Exeter sailed back on its way home, it harried inland in Sussex near Chichester, but the garrison put them to flight and slew many hundred of them, capturing some of their ships.
窶"G. N. Ga
From the page: "Aditya Birla Minacs (âoeMinacsâ) is a business and technology outsourcing solutions company with headquarters in Bangalore, India; Toronto, Canada; and Detroit (Farmington Hills), USA.
With 20,300 employees (as of June 2011) and 35 operations centers in Canada, Germany, Hungary, India, Jamaica, the Philippines, the United Kingdom, and the United States, Minacs provides the manufacturing, banking, financial services, insurance, telecom, high technology, media, and entertainment, healthcare, and government and public sectors with outsourced customer lifecycle, marketing, finance and accounting, procurement and IT services.
2 Corporate Affairs
3 Divisions and Services
5 External links
Aditya Birla Minacs was formed in 2007 with the coming together of TransWorks, one of Indiaâs first business process outsourcing (BPO) players, with Minacs, a pioneering North American CRM services company. The unified Aditya Birla Minacs entity was a result of the Aditya Birla Group acquiring a controlling stake in Minacs Worldwide Inc., Canada in 2006 through its TransWorks subsidiary. Minacs was founded in 1981 in Oshawa (near Toronto), Canada and TransWorks in 1999 in Mumbai, India.
Having started out as a contact center business supporting the American and Canadian automotive industries, Minacs subsequently grew its client portfolio to encompass leading banking, telecom, and technology clients. It also expanded its services portfolio from contact center to Customer Relationship Management (CRM), and added integrated marketing services by acquiring the US-based Phoenix Group in 2001.
As an early industry pioneer, the company has a lineage of managing process rigor and service quality. Minacs was the first North American contact center / BPO company to achieve the ISO:9001 quality certification in 1996. Similarly, TransWorks too helped develop the Customer Operations Performance Center Incorporated (COPC Inc.) standard that benchmarks BPO performance, going on to become one of the first companies in the world to be COPC certified in 2002.
Aditya Birla Minacs integrated with PSI Data Systems, which was renamed as Aditya Birla Minacs IT Services in 2009, to strengthen its portfolio with technology-enabled BPO services, and a full range of IT outsourcing services. The Aditya Birla Group had earlier acquired PSI in 2001.
Minacs' Headquarters in Toronto, Canada
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The company is today owned by the $29 billion leading Indian multinational conglomerate Aditya Birla Group. Deepak Patel joined Aditya Birla Minacs as the CEO in September 2008. Beginning 2009, Aditya Birla Minacs has opened operations centers in Vadodara (Baroda), Aurangabad[disambiguation needed], Chennai, Kolkata and Ranchi in India, to offer outsourcing services to domestic Indian clients. Aditya Birla Minacs announced the acquisition of London-headquartered Compass BPO in March 2010 to acquire a significant Finance and Accounting outsourcing capability. It acquired the Minnesota-based Bureau of Collection Recovery (BCR) in June 2010 to add accounts receivables management and collections services to its portfolio.
Minacs' Facility in Bangalore, India
The name Aditya Birla Minacs (pronounced âoeaâ¢ditâ¢eeâ¢a burâ¢la minâ¢icksâ) merges the brand equity that the Aditya Birla Group of India enjoys as a leader in its businesses, as well as the connection that Minacs has nurtured over thirty years in North America and Europe.
The rising sun logo is the Groupâs corporate identity founded by Aditya Vikram Birla. âoeAdityaâ is the Sanskrit word for the âoesunâ. The lowercase letters âoeminacsâ in the logo (with the distinctive apple green âoeinâ) conveys that Minacs operates embedded in the core of its clientsâ businesses as their outsourcing partner. Minacs is the surname of Canadian founder Elaine Minacs.
Minacs Farmington Hills
Minacs' Facility in Farmington Hills, Michigan
 Divisions and Services
Minacs provides customer lifecycle services, finance and accounting, procurement and supply chain, and IT services.
Minacsâ customer lifecycle services include marketing solutions, customer acquisition, customer care, and receivables management.
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