I see all of these in fanfiction every day. I've never consciously thought of them though.
From the page: "As an editor, I know when I am reading someone's first novel. I have nicknames for the four give-away faults beginners make: (1) Walk and Chew Gum (2) Furry Dice (3) Tea, Vicar? (4) Styrofoam. I see at least one of these in every manuscript where the author has not mastered the craft of writing before submitting in his or her work. What are these four faults and, more importantly, how can you cure them?"
From the page: "If you want to be published, you'll have to cure these faults yourself, because your editor won't do it for you. She'll just send it back."