Ancient humans understood medicine and insecticides over 77,000 years ago
We know the history of medicine stretches deep into prehistory, but its exact origins remain mysterious. Simple surgery dates back to the stone age, and now there's evidence of basic medical knowledge that dates back to the dawn of humanity.
That's the finding of an archaeological team led by Professor Lyn Wadley of the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, who recently uncovered evidence of plant bedding at the Sibudu rock shelter in South Africa. This is bedding both in the gardening sense of the temporary placement of plants in simple containers, and in the sense that the ancient humans probably slept on them as mats. These bedding sites date to between 77,000 and 38,000 years old, with the oldest examples particularly well preserved.